The code was adopted in after the fall of the Soviet Union. Legally, the currency was identical to the old Soviet rublethough for the most part it only circulated in Russia. The ruble was redenominated at a ratio of 1, to one inat which point it received the new code " RUB.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. All Rights Reserved. References in periodicals archive? Running at least once or twice a week all year round, RUR takes to the streets later in the evening during the hotter months to avoid the scorching daytime temperatures.
Gearing up for a big run is easier for these ladies than hitting a local gym, since they just add trainers, RUR belts, Nike hijabs and wireless headphones to their traditional abayas and go.
Veles Capital - Daily bonds review, Domestic market - Jul 18, Veles Capital - Surgutneftegas, Betting on weak ruble - Jul 11, Veles Capital - Daily bonds review, Domestic market - May 30, Veles Capital - Daily bonds review, Domestic market - May 29, Company Veles Capital - Trader's daily - May 27, Yesterday, the regulator offered bn RUR to credit organizations for 1 day and the demand at given auction formed Veles Capital - Daily bonds review, Domestic market - May 22, Sum remains of banks added 41 bn RUR having exceeded the level of 1 trillion RURwhile the arrearage of the credit organization to the regulator did not change much.
Veles Capital - Daily bonds review, Domestic market - May 17, The volume of the arrearage grew Veles Capital - Daily bonds review, Domestic market - May 14, Financial browser? Full browser?He establishes a factory to produce and distribute these mechanisms worldwide. Another scientist decides to make the robots more human, which he does by gradually adding such traits as the capacity to feel pain. Years later, the robots, who were created to serve humans, have come to dominate them completely.
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This article was most recently revised and updated by Kathleen KuiperSenior Editor. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. The term originated from the Czech word for forced labour. Although able to relieve surgeons of some amount of repetitive labour, robotic surgery requires tremendous skill on the part…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice.
Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. More About. The University of Adelaide - "R.It is a right eastern tributary to the Meuse Dutch : Maas. It flows first through the northern part of the Eifel mountains. Major tributaries of the Rur include the Inde and the Wurm.
In the s and s, the northern part of the Rur was heavily polluted by the tailings of many German coal mines. Neither fish nor other organisms could be found, and it was dangerous to swim in the river. Foam flakes regularly flooded parts of the city of Roermond. After the closure of the mines, the waste water treatment in Germany and the Netherlands greatly improved. Only the lower part of the river is still contaminated.
After an absence of years, salmon returned to the Rur in A fortified area known as the Roer Triangleformed by the towns of Roermond and Sittardin the Netherlandsand Heinsberg in Germanywas the scene of heavy fighting at the beginning of Operation Blackcock was the code name for the clearing of the Roer Triangle.
It was conducted by the 2nd British Army between 14 and 26 January The objective was to drive the German 15th Army back across the Rivers Rur and Wurm and move the frontline further into Germany. The operation was carried out under command of the XII Corps by three divisions. The operation is relatively unknown despite the sometimes fierce battles that were fought for each and every village and hamlet within the "Roer Triangle".
Between 16 December and 23 Februarythe U. Ninth Army was unable to advance across the Rur during Operation Queenbecause German forces controlled dams close to the river's source in the densely forested region of the Hohes Venn.
This meant Axis forces could potentially blow the dams, releasing enough water to wash out an Allied assault. At the same time, the German Ardennes Offensive meant any further westward push would leave Allied forces stretched and supply lines exposed. Eventually the counteroffensive was overwhelmed and German engineers, under pressure of aerial and artillery bombardment, released the dams.
As the flood waters began to subside, Allied forces crossed the Rur in rafts in the early hours of February 23,as part of Operation Grenade. The Rur is the only real white water river in North Rhine-Westphalia.
The town of Monschau is the venue for the yearly International White Water Race which was held on 17 March for the 58th time. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Napoleonic department, see Roer department. For the science fiction play, see R. For other uses, see Rur disambiguation. River in Germany and the Netherlands.
Germany Netherlands Belgium. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. The Rur in Monschau. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rur river.The play begins in a factory that makes artificial people, called roboti robotsfrom synthetic organic matter. They are living creatures of artificial flesh and blood rather than machinery. They may be mistaken for humans and can think for themselves.
They seem happy to work for humans at first, but a robot rebellion leads to the extinction of the human race. Helena, the daughter of the president of a major industrial power, arrives at the island factory of Rossum's Universal Robots. She meets Domin, the General Manager of R. Ina man named Rossum came to the island to study marine biology, and in he accidentally discovered a chemical that behaved exactly like protoplasmexcept that it did not mind being knocked around.
Rossum attempted to make a dog and a man, but failed. His nephew came to see him, and the two argued non-stop, largely because Old Rossum only wanted to create animals to prove that not only was God unnecessary but that there was no God at all, and Young Rossum only wanted to make himself rich.
Eventually, Young Rossum locked his uncle in a laboratory to play with his monsters and mutants, while Young Rossum built factories and cranked out Robots by the thousands. By the time the play takes place — around the year  — Robots are cheap and available all over the world. They have become absolutely necessary because they allow products to be made at a fifth the previous cost. Helena meets Fabry, Dr.
Gall, Alquist, Busman, and Hallemeier, and reveals she is a representative of the League of Humanity, a human rights organization that wishes to "free" the Robots. The managers of the factory find this a ridiculous proposition, since they see Robots as appliances. Helena requests that the Robots be paid so that they can buy things they like, but the Robots do not like anything. Helena is eventually convinced that the League of Humanity is a waste of money, but continues to argue on the fact that robots should still have a "soul".
Later, Domin confesses that he loves Helena and forces her into an engagement. Ten years later, Helena and her nurse Nana are talking about current events—particularly the decline in human births. Helena and Domin reminisce about the day they met and summarize the last ten years of world history, which has been shaped by the new worldwide Robot-based economy. Helena meets Dr. Gall's new Robot experiment, Radius, and Dr. Gall describes his experimental Robotess, Robot Helena.
Both are more advanced, fully featured versions. In secret, Helena burns the formula required to create Robots. The revolt of the Robots reaches Rossum's island as the act ends.
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Full Name. Phone Number. Job Title. Company Size Company Size: 1 - 25 26 - 99 - - 1, - 4, 5, - 9, 10, - 19, 20, or More.Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read.
Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Preview — R. Paul Selver Translator. Nigel Playfair Translator. When the Robots revolt, killing all but one of their masters, they must attempt to learn the secret of self R.
When the Robots revolt, killing all but one of their masters, they must attempt to learn the secret of self-duplication. But their attempts at replication leave them with nothing but bloody chunks of meat. It's not until two robots fall in love and are christened "Adam" and "Eve" by the last surviving human that Nature emerges triumphant. Get A Copy. PaperbackDover Thrift Editions58 pages.
Published August 20th by Dover Publications, Inc. More Details Original Title. PrimusDominHelena GlorySulla robot. Other Editions Friend Reviews.
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Start your review of R. Old man Rossum was a biologist who failed to create actual humans in his laboratory; engineer son Rossum invented the living labor machine, the Robot, a natural progression of production son following discovery father.
After all, as the present central director of R. Speed and machines even made headway in the world of art some year prior, especially among the Italian Futurists such as Mainetti, Boccioni and Bella.
Young Rossum started with twelve-foot Superrobots but they kept falling apart so he began manufacturing Robots of normal human height and respectable human shape.Enjoy endless hot water for all of your appliances, effortless maintenance with Wi-Fi monitoring and voice activation with Amazon Alexa integration. Our super-high efficiency plus series features condensing design with the latest technology in water heating for more energy savings and environmental benefits.
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